Women, on the other hand, saw their roles in the household enhanced as they juggled to make ends meet.Sociologists Robert and Helen Lynd noticed this trend in a study of Muncie, Indiana, published in 1937: “The men, cut adrift from their usual routine, lost much of their sense of time and dawdled helplessly and dully about the streets; while in the homes the women’s world remained largely intact and the round of cooking, housecleaning, and mending became if anything more absorbing.” To put it another way, no housewife lost her job in the Depression.There appears to be some historical revisionism at work here, however.As a critique of gender roles and expectations, the image of a woman with a paper smile attached to her face would seem more pertinent to the 1950s, a time frequently portrayed as the apex of the American household, than the during the 1930s and the Great Depression, when the main challenge faced by most people, regardless of gender, was just getting by.Living so close to the edge, women prayed that no catastrophic accident or illness would swamp their tight budgets. “We just did what had to be done one day at a time.” In many ways men and women experienced the Depression differently.Men were socialized to think of themselves as breadwinners; when they lost their jobs or saw their incomes reduced, they felt like failures because they couldn’t take care of their families.
We found no evidence suggesting that it was of American origin, or that it depicts a patient undergoing “smile therapy” in a mental institution.
The image, mysterious as it is, does not appear to depict a patient in an mental institution.
On the contrary, the subject is wearing street clothes, jewelry, styled hair, and makeup.
As we’ve said before, Robyn should be the goofy mom in a Nickelodeon tween show and Charrisse should have a home improvement show called Chateau Cha Cha.
Gizelle would be a great Elisabeth Hasselbeck contrarian type on The View.