In 1868, however, the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann met Frank Calvert, who convinced Schliemann that Troy was a real city at what is now Hissarlik in Turkey.
Whether there is any historical reality behind the Trojan War remains an open question.
In later ages playwrights, historians, and other intellectuals would create works inspired by the Trojan War.
The three great tragedians of Athens, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, wrote many dramas that portray episodes from the Trojan War.
The events of the Trojan War are found in many works of Greek literature and depicted in numerous works of Greek art.
There is no single, authoritative text which tells the entire events of the war.
The apple was claimed by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite.
They quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two.
Since Zeus believed that there were too many people populating the earth, he envisioned Momus "Now all the gods were divided through strife; for at that very time Zeus who thunders on high was meditating marvelous deeds, even to mingle storm and tempest over the boundless earth, and already he was hastening to make an utter end of the race of mortal men, declaring that he would destroy the lives of the demi-gods, that the children of the gods should not mate with wretched mortals, seeing their fate with their own eyes; but that the blessed gods henceforth even as aforetime should have their living and their habitations apart from men.
Both the Homeric epics and the Epic Cycle take origin from oral tradition.
Even after the composition of the Iliad, Odyssey, and the Cyclic Epics, the myths of the Trojan War were passed on orally, in many genres of poetry and through non-poetic storytelling.
The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath.
Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores.