Such evidence customarily takes the form of something written, such as a letter, a law, an administrative record, or the account of some previous historian.
In addition, historians sometimes create their own evidence by interviewing people.
Entries were made year by year, making these lists among the earliest annals.
Virtually all that was known about them passed through the filter of the attitudes of literate elites.
, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical examination.
The term historiography also refers to the theory and of historical writing.
The earliest histories were mostly stories of disasters—floods, famines, and plagues—or of wars, including the statesmen and generals who figured in them.
In the 20th century, however, historians shifted their focus from statesmen and generals to ordinary workers and soldiers.