The Hazara make up roughly nine percent of Afghanistan’s population or 2.9 million people. Fifty-eight percent of Iranians or 38.2 million speak Persian, while half of all Afghans or 16.3 million speak one of several dialects of Persian (Dari).The Turkmen population in Afghanistan is concentrated mainly along the northern border with Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.Afghanistan’s Baluch’s population lives mainly in the southwest of the country, along its borders with Iran and Pakistan.Both Afghanistan and Iran have a remarkably young population.Iran has a population of 66.4 million and it is one of the world’s only Shia-majority states, with Shia Muslims comprising 89 percent of the population or 58.6 million of people.
Entangled with domestic problems, estrangement with the United States over the hostage crisis, and later the war with Iraq, Khomeini’s regime maintained relations both with the Soviet Union and its satellite regime in Kabul.
Iran participated in the formation of the post-Taliban government in the Bonn Conference in December 2001 and contributed to reconstruction efforts, with the aim of establishing friendly ties with Kabul.
invasion of Afghanistan ushered in a fresh chapter in relations between Iran and Afghanistan.
The Baluch are another ethnic group that lives in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.
The Baluch constitute two percent of the Iranian population or roughly 1.3 million people.